Citations, Photos, Graphic Credits

Citation, Photographic, and Graphic Credits

Cover

“Canyon Wonders,” Coyote Canyon Natural Bridge. A small stream in the Utah’s Escalante wilderness flows through a natural arch lined with Autumn Cottonwoods and complimented by some sunrise color on the sky and cliffs above. Photo © copyright by Marc Adamus. Retrieved from http://www.marcadamus.com/

Chapter 1

Photo of the truck. Retrieved from http://www.foleybros.com/53chevypu.htm

“Kafka’s Watch,” poem by William Carver

Photo of dog – Beaujangles (aka Frannie). Photo by Barbara Barnes

Welcome to Mesquite Road Sign. Retrieved from http://www.govtech.com/local/Mesquite-Nev-Opts-for-All-in-One-Upgrade.html

Chapter 2

Virgin Mountains, located in Clark County, southeastern Nevada and Mohave County, northwestern Arizona. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virgin_Mountains

Virgin Mountains at Arizona State Line, Mount Bangs and the northern Virgin Range as seen from the NV-AZ state line near Mesquite, Nevada. Retrieved from http://www.surgent.net/highpoints/az/range/bangs.html

Driving through the Virgin Gorge. Retrieved from https://www.arizonaroads.com/interstate/i15.html

Quote attributed to John Muir by Samuel Hall Young in Alaska Days with John Muir (1915; 1990)

“Cedar Pocket, Virgin River Gorge, ” photo copyright by Mark J. Nielsen. Retrieved from http://www.scenicusa.net/092607.html

Panamint rattlesnake (Crotalus stephensi). Retrieved from http://www.californiaherps.com/snakes/images/cstephensiin610.jpg

California Glossy snake (Arizona elegans occidentalis). Retrieved from http://www.californiaherps.com/snakes/pages/a.e.occidentalis.html

Point Leaf Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pungen). Retrieved from http://blog.travelmarx.com/2012/08/two-sedona-hikes-devils-bridge-and-west.htmlMormon-tea (Ephedra nevadensis)

Mormon-tea (Ephedra nevadensis). Retrieved from https://www.pinterest.com/cynkuc/mojave-desert-landscape/

Single-leaf pinyon pine (Pinus monophylla).Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pinyon_pine_Pinus_monophylla_in_sagebrush.jpg

Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica). Retrieved from http://www.zelari.it/it/catalogo-on-line/cupressus.asp

White fir (Abies concolor). Retrieved from http://emblatradvard.weebly.com/coloradogran.html

Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Pseudotsuga_menziesii

Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma). Retrieved from http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?where-genre=Plant&where-taxon=Juniperus+osteosperma

Rocky Mountain juniper (Juniperus scopulorum). Retrieved from http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/junsco/all.html

“Leaving,” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

 Chapter 3

Virgin River running through Zion. Retrieved from http://www.utahszionandbryce.com/

West Temple. Retrieved from http://www.vermontphoto.com/UtahGallery1/utahgallery/images/BelowtheWestTempleZionNationalPark.jpg

Kolob Arch Waterfalls. Retrieved from http://www.24saltlake.com/outdoors/18-colorful-photos-zion-national-park/

Temple of Sinawava. Retrieved from http://www.panoramio.com/photo/599665

Great White Throne. Retrieved from http://www.parkstransportation.com/

Zion Narrows. Retrieved from http://amerikareizen.braintwist.nl/zion-national-park

Red Canyon Indian Store. Retrieved from http://www.ebay.com/itm/Native-American-RED-CANYON-INDIAN-STORE-Hwy-12-Panguitch-Utah-1960s-Photo-PC-/261107309708

Ivanpah Solar Power Plant. Retrieved from http://www.bine.info/fileadmin/content/Publikationen/Themen-Infos/II_2013/themen_0213_28.jpg

“Immortality,” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

Joint. Retrieved from http://www.sodahead.com/living/if-you-had-achoice-to-smokewas-forced-to-smoke-what-would-you-smoke-a-cigarette-or-weed/question-2219511/?page=2&link=ibaf&q=&esrc=s

Chapter 4

Red Rock Youth Camp, small lake on Posey Lake Road near Escalante (photo by Ellen Hill). Retrieved from. http://www.pbase.com/image/135230395

 Youth hiking. Retrieved from http://www.wingatewildernesstherapy.com/the-wingate-therapeutic-program-for-troubled-boys-a-girls

Seated around campfire. Retrieved from http://www.wisconsinlandtrusts.org/uncategorized/we-love-the-green-team/

 Passage from Bible, Mathew 5:28

Campfire. Retrieved from https://olfactoryobsessed.wordpress.com/2012/01/03/gather-round-the-long-winter-farm-campfire/

Chapter 5

Passage from Book of Mormon, Mosiah 26:30

Poem fragment by Stephen Barnes (2015)

Quote from Joseph Smith, Book of Mormon, Articles of Faith

Campfire ring, Pines Campground, Stanislaus National Forest. Retrieved from http://www.fs.usda.gov/recarea/stanislaus/recarea/?recid=14939

Tent cabin, Yosemite Bug Rustic Mountain Resort. Retrieved from http://www.yosemitebug.com/

Book of Mormon. Retrieved from http://www.padfield.com/2005/book-of-mormon.html

Chapter 6

Bryce Canyon Lodge. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Bryce_Canyon_Lodge.jpg

Western Cabin – Exterior. Retrieved from http://brycecanyonforever.com/lodging-photos/

Western Cabin – Interior. Retrieved from http://brycecanyonforever.com/lodging-photos/

Bryce Canyon National Park. Retrieved from http://www.visitsouthernutah.com/Bryce-Canyon-National-Park

Description of Bryce Amphitheater and quote about lost cows attributed to Ebenezer Bryce. Retrieved from http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/national-parks/bryce-canyon-national-park/

Lizared man. Retrieved from http://amazingspiderman.wikia.com/wiki/Lizard

“At the End of the Day,” poem by Stephen Barnes

Chapter 7

Map of Southern Utah

Retrieved from http://www.collectionpicture.stockmd.net/588243-map-of-southern-utah-area

Chapter 8

Panguitch. Retrieved from http://panguitch.com/panguitch-today/

Garfield County Courthouse. Retrieved from https://www.utcourts.gov/courts/dist/distsites/6th/garfield.htm

Chapter 9

Uinta National Forest, north central Utah. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominguez-Escalante_Expedition

Utah Lake and Utah Valley. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominguez-Escalante_Expedition

Escalante Enters the Utah Valley, painting by E.K. EddingtonRetrieved from http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/art-120430/A-painting-entitled-Escalante-Enters-the-Utah-Valley-by-EK

Padre Bay, Lake Powell. Retrieved from https://img0.etsystatic.com/000/0/5959768/il_570xN.306093606.jpg

Various routes of the Old Spanish Trail. Retrieved from http://www.museumtrail.org/OldSpanishTrail.asp

Downtown Escalante, Utah. Retrieved from http://www.allbryce.com/escalante_utah/

Chapter 10

Photo of the truck door open. Retrieved from http://www.foleybros.com/53chevypu.htm

 Chapter 11

Hole-in-the-Rock Road. Retrieved from http://www.dangerousroads.org/north-america/usa/3390-hole-in-the-rock-road.html

Hole-in-the-Rock passage to Lake Powell (photo by Dan Bammes). Retrieved from http://kuer.org/post/traveling-grand-staircase-hole-rock-road

Cut steps in Hole-in-the-Rock passage to Lake Powell. Retrieved from http://octopup.org/sw2001/727

Dance Hall Rock. Retrieved from http://www.suhuntandfish.com/2012/03/outdoor-places-escalante-utah.html

Comb Wash. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comb_Wash

San Juan Expedition Map. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/glca/historyculture/holeintherock.htm

First wagon down, painting by Lynn Griffin. By unanimous consent the honor of taking the first wagon down the large cavity was given to Ben Perkins. Being a blaster and not a teamster he asked Kumen Jones to drive the wagon. Two blind horses were selected that would not hesitate going down the steep grade. Retrieved from http://mormonhistoricsites.org/hole-in-the-rock-expedition/

Lowering down the wagon, painting by Lynn Griffin. Retrieved from http://www.kcsg.com/view/full_story/13487138/article-Escalante-Heritage-Hole-in-the-Rock-Center-and-Museum-Dedicated?instance=more_local_news1

Sign to Devil’s Garden. Retrieved from http://www.willhiteweb.com/utah_sights/devils_garden/picnic_area_282.htm

Devil’s Garden photos. Retrieved from http://www.willhiteweb.com/utah_sights/devils_garden/picnic_area_282.htm

Metate Arch, Devil’s Garden. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Staircase-Escalante_National_Monument

Jim Finch training “Diggs” near Driggs, Idaho. Paws Down, P.O. Box 178, Ririe, ID, 83443. Photo by Stephen Barnes.

“Pheasant Hunting,” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015).

 “Royal” Side-by-Side Shotgun with traditional royal scroll engraving and brush bright finish. Retrieved from http://hollandandholland.com/all-guns/holland-holland-royal-sidelock-shotgun-hshg952/

 Chapter 12

Blood atonement quote, Richard Cummings (1982), Quintessential Mormonism: Literal-Mindedness As a Way of Life, p. 93.

Plural marriage quote, R.M. Barrus (2007), “Politics: political history,” Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Retrieved from http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Politics#Political_History

Hole-in-the-Rock Road map. Retrieved from http://www.utahcanyons.com/images/holeintherockmap.jpg

Chapter 13

Old Coleman Camp Stove. Retrieved from http://tgmarsh.faculty.noctrl.edu/coleusstovemid30ear50.html

1953 vintage Coleman Gas Lantern. Retrieved from https://www.pinterest.com/bcdurangoboy/coleman-the-sunshine-of-the-night/

New York Life building in Chicago, designed by William LeBaron Jenny and completed in 1894. Retrieved from http://www.arte.rai.it/gallery-refresh/i-grattacieli-pi%C3%B9-belli-del-mondo/866/2/default.aspx#header

“To Death, A Wish,” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015).

Chapter 14

Excerpt from President Clinton’s GSENM dedication speech, Federal Register, September 24, 1996

 

Outline of three distinct Monument regions

Retrieved from http://cpluhna.nau.edu/Places/gsenm1.htm

 

 

Schematic of Grand Staircase

Retrieved from http://www.geocaching.com/geocache/GC2E52R_50-mile-mountain-the-grand-staircase

 

Buckskin Gulch, Paria River

Retrieved from www.thehikeguy.com/2010/05/30/7-tips-for-hiking-buckskin-gulch/

 

Descriptive quote on Kaiparowits Plateau

Retrieved from http://www.utah.com/nationalsites/grand_staircase.htm

 

FiftyMile Mountain

Retrieved from http://www.americansouthwest.net/slot_canyons/llewellyn_gulch/50milepoint_l.html

 

Boulder Creek

Retrieved from http://www.acrossutah.com/wordpress/?p=444

 

Shooting Star wildflower

Retrieved from http://www.wildflowers.brandonkowallis.com/

 

Scarlet gilia wildflower

Retrieved from http://www.wildflowers.brandonkowallis.com/?s=scarlet+gilia+

 

Beard tongue wildflower (Firecracker penstemon)

Retrieved from https://desertflower.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/pict0005.jpg

 

Coyote Gulch from above

Retrieved from http://www.sangres.com/utah/national-parks/grandstaircase-escalante-nm/index.htm#.VhLhCqLvUw8

 

Coyote Gulch entrance

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coyote_Gulch

 

Neon Canyon

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyons_of_the_Escalante#mediaviewer/File:Neon_Canyon,_Grand_Staircase-Escalante.jpg

 

Golden Cathedral, Neon Canyon

Retrieved from http://www.willieholdman.com/images/large/100070002906.jpg

 

Coyote Gulch shots

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyons_of_the_Escalante#mediaviewer/File:CoyoteGulch.jpg

 

Steven’s Arch Near Mouth of Coyote Gulch

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyons_of_the_Escalante#mediaviewer/File:StevensArchUT.jpg

 

Coyote Natural Bridge

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coyote_Gulch#mediaviewer/File:Coyote_Natural_Bridge,_UT.jpg

 

Stream flowing thru Coyote Gulch

Retrieved from http://www.desktodirtbag.com/backpacking-coyote-gulch-grand-staircase-escalante/

 

Canyon walls and stream-bed in Coyote Gulch

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyons_of_the_Escalante#/media/File:CoyoteGulch.jpg

 

Dry Fork Narrows

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyons_of_the_Escalante#mediaviewer/File:DryForkNarrows.jpg

 

Chapter 15

Beaujangles (aka Frannie)

Photo by Barbara Barnes

 

 

Spooky Gulch 2

Retrieved from http://www.americansouthwest.net/slot_canyons/spooky_gulch/spooky2_l.html

 

40-Mile Bench

Retrieved from http://www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g56980-d3239795-r145679748-Hole_In_The_Rock_Road-Escalante_Utah.html#photos

 

Close up of biological soil crust

Retrieved from http://www.soilcrust.org/gallery/image1.jpg

 

Juniper growing in very shallow soil, held together by biological soil crust

Retrieved from http://www.soilcrust.org/figure14.htm

 

Cheat grass (Bromus tectorum)

Retrieved from http://wnmu.edu/academic/nspages/gilaflora/bromus_tectorum.html

 

It’s alive!

Retrieved from http://www.sonorannews.com/archives/2011/110223/communitynews-DAC.html

 

Chapter 16

Dinner prayer by Stephen Barnes

 

Chapter 17

Dance Hall Rock road sign

Retrieved from http://www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g56980-d3239795-r145679748-Hole_In_The_Rock_Road-Escalante_Utah.html#photos

 

Dance Hall Rock with people

Retrieved from http://www.mendosa.com/fitnessblog/?p=5465

 

“Observed,” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

 

Chapter 19
Sooner Rocks

Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyons_of_the_Escalante#mediaviewer/File:SoonerRocksUT.jpg

 

Dutch Oven

Retrieved from http://mccallchamber.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/dutch-oven.jpg

 

Chapter 20

The Balvenie Scotch

Retrieved from http://www.proof66.com/whiskey/balvenie-16yr-triple-cask-single-malt-scotch.html

 

“Single Malt,” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

 

Chapter 21

Davis Gulch Trailhead

Retrieved from http://www.roadtripryan.com/go/trips/showphoto/3579#buttons

 

Directions to Davis Gulch from Rudi Lambrechtse (1985), Hiking the Escalante, pp. 165-166.

 

View from the rim

Retrieved from http://www.roadtripryan.com/go/trips/showphoto/3581#buttons

 

Bement Arch from downstream

Retrieved from http://www.canyoneeringusa.com/rave/mar22/davis/davis3.htm

 

 

 

 

La Gorce Arch

Retrieved from http://www.panoramio.com/photo/16381245

 

Iron streaked walls

Retrieved from http://www.canyoneeringusa.com/rave/mar22/davis/davis3.htm

 

Meadow

Retrieved from http://www.canyoneeringusa.com/rave/mar22/davis/davis3.htm

 

Chapter 22

Quote attributed to Brigham Young in relation to Joseph Smith’s death in Jon Krakauer (2003), Under the Banner of Heaven, p. 198.

 

Vow of Vengeance in Krakauer (2003), p. 198, and Wikipedia (2015) at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oath_of_vengeance

 

Chapter 23

Cotton Woods in Davis Canyon just above Bement Arch

Retrieved from http://www.americansouthwest.net/slot_canyons/davis_gulch/davis2_l.html

 

End of Davis Gulch Slot (upper part of canyon)

Retrieved from www.roadtripryan.com/resources/content/utah/escalante/davis-gulch/user-submitted/ryancornia-1414180384845.jpg

 

Canyon just below slot section

Retrieved from http://www.americansouthwest.net/slot_canyons/davis_gulch/davis3_l.html

 

All quotes from Ruess’s fictional 1934 journal by Stephen Barnes

 

“Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where three is no path and leave a trail.”

Ralph Waldo Emerson. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved May 11, 2016, from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/ralphwaldo101322.html

 

Coyote Trio photograph— David Michael Schmidt

Retrieved from http://www.redbubble.com/people/david93950/works/9520159-coyote-trio?p=photographic-print

 

Chapter 24

Photo of Reuss and burros

Retrieved from http://www.angelfire.com/sk/syukhtun/everett.html

 

“roaring drunk…” excerpt from May 5, 1934 Reuss letter to Bill, in W.L. Rusho (1983), Everett Reuss; A vagabond for Beauty, p. 145.

 

“It is a land where earth tones are daily enflamed by the rising sun …” Quote in Rusho (1983), p. 1.

 

Description of Ruess’ gifts based on Rusho (1983), p. 5.

 

Quote from Wallace Stegner, in Rusho (1983), p. 8.

 

Excerpt from May, 1934 letter from Reuss to Francis Schermerhorn, in Rusho (1983), p.149.

 

Excerpt from letter to friend, “But he who has looked long and naked…” in Rusho (1983), p. 148.

 

Excerpt from November 11, 1934 final letter from Reuss to Waldo Reuss, in Rusho (1983), p.178.

 

Description of Escalante community experienced by Ruess in P.L. Fradkin (2011). Everett Reuss; His short life, mysterious death, and astonishing afterlife, p. 141-142.

 

Footnote in Fradkin (2011), pp. 141-142, quoting from Dorothea Lange Field Notes, March 26-27, 1936.

 

 

Chapter 25

Dedication to “Youth is for Adventure” in G.A. Bergera (ed.), On desert trails with Everett Ruess (Commemorative Edition), (2000), pp. vii.

 

Reference to Tony Hillerman mystery and details of search for missing Everett Ruess in Fradkin (2011), Chapter X.

 

National Geographic Adventure magazine Press Release, April 30, 2009.

Retrieved from http://adventure.nationalgeographic.com/2009/04/everett-ruess/dna-test-text

Quote from Christopher Reuss’ diary, in Fradkin (2011), p. 164

 

Quote on teenage years from Fradkin (2011), p.6.

 

Three of Ruess’ woodblock prints

Retrieved from http://www.angelfire.com/sk/syukhtun/everett.html

 

Chapter 26

Rainstorm over FortyMile Ridge

Retrieved from http://www.panoramio.com/photo/1820778

 

Snakebit quote from Reuss’ fictional 1934 journal by Stephen Barnes

 

Faded midget rattlesnake

Retrieved from https://backcountryutah.wordpress.com/2010/02/11/interest-in-poisonous-snakes-is-growing/

 

“Determinism” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

 

Chapter 27

Quote from Edward Abbey (1968), Desert Solitaire; A Season in the Wilderness, p. 212-213.

 

“Katrina” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

 

Angels of the Halls of Heaven

Retrieved from http://www.templeofstarlight.eu/content/angels-halls-heaven-temple-retreat-ina-custers-van-bergen-0

 

Chapter 27

Garfield County Sheriff’s Department patch

Retrieved from http://www.sheriffandpolicepatches.at/galerie114964.html?startImage[114964]=30

 

Sheriff Search and Rescue vehicle

Retrieved from http://www.amerisar.org/images/unit5front1.jpg

 

Chapter 28

Lizard man (2)

Retrieved from http://screenrant.com/amazing-spiderman-concept-artwork-interviews-rhys-ifans-kofi-185235/

 

Dixie Regional Medical Center, St. George, Utah

Retrieved from http://blog.soliant.com/wp-content/uploads/dixie-regional.jpg

 

Quote from Ethan Allen (1784), Reason, the Only Oracle of Man, from Wikipedia (2015) at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miracle

 

Reference to Occam’s razor and miracles in Richard Dawkins (2008), The God delusion.

 

“A Thousand Eyes” poem by Stephen Barnes (2015)

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 30

Quote attributed to Aristotle (4th century BC) by Diogenes Laërtius (3rd century AD), in Lives of Eminent Philosophers, Book 5, Chapter 1, Verse 18; see http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0258%3Abook%3D5%3Achapter%3D1/

 

Flowering Plains penstemon (Penstemon ambiguus) retrieved from http://inkandpenstemon.tumblr.com/post/86213238844

 

Chapter 31

Quote from Paul Harrison (1999), retrieved from The Guardian at http://www.theguardian.com/world/1999/may/22/religion.uk

See also Paul Harrison (2013), Elements of pantheism; A spirituality of nature and the universe. “Pantheism is a 2,500 year-old belief system expressed by many famous thinkers and artists including Lao Tzu, Heraclitus, Spinoza, Wordsworth, Whitman, Emerson, Einstein and Carl Sagan. Today pantheism is seeing a revival as the underlying worldview of many environmentalists, of leading scientists, of nature-revering pagans, and of non-theists looking for a more embracing perspective” (from http://www.amazon.com/Elements-Pantheism-Spirituality-Nature-Universe/dp/1490494936).

 

Quote from Ralph Waldo Emerson in Nichole Smith (2011), The role of nature in transcendental poetry: Emerson, Thoreau & Whitman, retrieved from http://www.articlemyriad.com/role-nature-transcendental-poetry/

 

Canyon wren (Catherpes mexicanus), copyright Greg Lavaty (used with permission), retrieved from retrieved from https://i.ytimg.com/vi/9uuiNfUxqOM/maxresdefault.jpg

 

Chapter 32

Quote from Robert A. Johnson (2007), Living Your Unlived Life, p. 226.